Mental and emotional stress can temporarily elevate blood pressure. The "fight or flight" response triggers the release of stress hormones like adrenaline, which can constrict blood vessels and increase heart rate.
Exercise and physical exertion can raise blood pressure as the body needs more oxygen and nutrients to support increased activity. However, regular exercise can help lower blood pressure in the long term.
Consuming caffeinated beverages, such as coffee, tea, or energy drinks, can lead to a temporary increase in blood pressure due to the stimulant effect of caffeine.
A high-sodium diet can cause the body to retain water, increasing blood volume and subsequently blood pressure. Reducing sodium intake can help manage blood pressure.
Excessive alcohol consumption can lead to a temporary spike in blood pressure. Chronic heavy drinking can also contribute to long-term hypertension.
Certain medications, such as decongestants, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and some prescription drugs, can cause a temporary increase in blood pressure as a side effect.
Poor or inadequate sleep can contribute to higher blood pressure. Sleep is essential for overall health, including cardiovascular health.
Underlying medical conditions like kidney disease, hormonal disorders, and sleep apnea can lead to elevated blood pressure. Managing these conditions is crucial for blood pressure control.