A comprehensive physical examination with your primary care physician or gynecologist is a fundamental part of preventive healthcare. It includes checking your vital signs, assessing overall health, and discussing any health concerns or changes.
Typically done during an annual gynecological checkup, a pelvic examination can help detect conditions like cervical cancer, ovarian cysts, fibroids, and sexually transmitted infections (STIs).
Pap smears are essential for early detection of cervical cancer. Women should begin regular screenings at the age of 21 and continue as recommended by their healthcare provider.
Regular mammograms are crucial for breast cancer screening. The frequency and timing of mammograms may vary based on age, family history, and risk factors. Discuss with your healthcare provider when to start and how often to have mammograms.
Bone density tests are important, especially for postmenopausal women or those with risk factors for osteoporosis. These tests measure bone density and assess the risk of fractures.
Regular blood pressure checks are essential to monitor cardiovascular health. High blood pressure is a significant risk factor for heart disease and stroke.
Cholesterol levels should be checked regularly to assess cardiovascular risk. Elevated cholesterol can contribute to heart disease.
Starting at age 45 or earlier if you have risk factors or a family history of colorectal cancer, consider screenings like colonoscopy or stool tests to detect and prevent colorectal cancer.